How Does Your Body React to Too Much Sugar?
Through Locke Hughes
The Carol DE Sarkissian, MD, conducted a medical review.
Donut up close
You are undoubtedly well aware of the negative effects of consuming too much sugar. You’re probably still doing too much, though. The typical daily intake of sugar in the United States is around 270 calories, or approximately 17 teaspoons, as opposed to the recommended daily intake of 200 calories or around 12 teaspoons.
The primary sources of added sugar are sweetened dairy, sugary drinks, sweets, baked products, and candy. However, savory foods like breads, tomato sauce, and protein bars can also contain sugar, making it all too simple to consume too much sweet food. The fact that added sugars can be included on nutrition labels under a variety of names, such as corn syrup, agave nectar, palm sugar, cane juice, or sucrose, further complicates matters.
Your brain experiences a massive spike in the feel-good chemical dopamine after consuming sweets. That explains why a candy bar would be more appealing at three o’clock than an apple or a carrot.
Because nutritious foods like fruits and vegetables don’t stimulate the production of as much dopamine in the brain, your body gradually becomes dependent on sugar to produce the same level of pleasure. This triggers those difficult to control “gotten-have-it” impulses for your after-dinner ice cream.
The odd candy or cookie can quickly raise your blood sugar levels, giving you a brief boost of energy. You can have a jittery, agitated feeling as your levels drop as your cells digest the sugar (also known as the dreaded “sugar crash”)
But around 3 p.m., eating too much sugar starts to have an impact on your mood. Slump According to studies, those who consume more sugar have a higher risk of developing depression.
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Your parents were right: sugar may damage your teeth. You probably rolled your eyes when you were twelve. The sugar that remains in your mouth after eating something sweet is a favorite food of the bacteria that cause cavities.
Here’s another justification to avoid candy if you suffer from joint pain: Because they create inflammation in the body, it has been demonstrated that eating a lot of sweets makes joint discomfort worse. Additionally, research indicates that consuming sugar increases your risk of rheumatoid arthritis.
Additionally, inflammation may hasten the ageing process of your skin.
“AGEs,” or advanced glycation end products, are damaging chemicals that are produced when too much sugar binds to proteins in your blood. These chemicals age your skin precisely as they sound like they would. The protein fibers that make your skin firm and youthful, collagen and elastin, have been found to be harmed by them. The outcom creases and loose skin.
Fructose or high fructose corn syrup is most often present when additional sugar is present in excess. The liver processes fructose, and too much of it can harm the liver. Fructose is converted to fat during its breakdown in the liver. This results in:
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by an accumulation of extra fat in the liver.
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by a fatty liver, inflammation, and liver “steatosis,” or liver scarring. Scarring eventually stops the liver’s ability to receive blood. Numerous of these progress to cirrhosis, necessitating a liver transplant.
The more insulin in your bloodstream might harm your arteries throughout your body if you consume or drink too much sugar. As a result, your heart is overworked and gradually harmed. It also causes their walls to become inflamed, thicker than normal, and stiffer. Heart disease, including heart failure, heart attacks, and strokes, may result from this.
Less sugar consumption may also help lower blood pressure, a significant risk factor for heart disease, according to research. Additionally, persons who consume a lot of added sugar—at least 25% of their total calories—are twice as likely to pass away from heart disease than people whose diets contain less than 10% of added sugar.
Your pancreas produces insulin when you eat. However, if you consume excessive amounts of sugar and your body stops responding to insulin as it should, your pancreas will begin producing more insulin. Your blood sugar levels will eventually increase and your overworked pancreas will eventually fail, putting you at risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
Having diabetes increases your risk of kidney damage from excess sugar. Your kidneys are crucial in purifying your blood. The kidneys begin to discharge more sugar into the urine after blood sugar levels reach a specific level. Diabetes can harm the kidneys if it is not under control, which makes it difficult for them to remove waste from the blood. The result could be renal failure.